Reflections on the Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon

I have written a couple of articles since 2015. These articles have been about either the Ravne tunnels or the Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun. It is time to shift focus, and to write an article about the Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon. This article will focus on producing the best evidence that there is a structure at the location of the Moon pyramid. Furthermore, I will give my own reflections on the structure itself.

The Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon was discovered almost at the same time as the Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun, in 2005. This pyramid is different than the Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun. The top of the pyramid of the Moon is flat. Why the pyramid is flat on the top, is unknown, but some argue that the pyramid is an unfinished project. Personally, I am not sure, and I do not to comment on that in this article. However, the same thing as the Sun pyramid, is that is has an access plateau that is going to the top of the pyramid. The Moon Pyramid is also leaning to a hill, most probably for structural stability. The materials you may find on the Moon pyramid are sandstone blocks and clay, while on the Sun pyramid, the materials you may find are concrete-like-materials, conglomerate and clay combined, making big blocks. According to a sample of an organic material that was found on one of the paved terraces at the Moon pyramid, the age of the structure is over 10 000 years old (Source). The carbon material was found in 2010. However, the pyramid may be much older. We may see some similarities. The Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon was built almost the same time as Göbekli Tepe, if we are going to follow the latest analysis of the site (Source). The blocks are also similar, which is interesting.

The Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon.

As the whole valley of the Bosnian Pyramids, the Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon is complicated. It seems like the builders of the pyramid used clay between the blocks, no matter what size, most probably because of structural stabilization. Excavations that were opened in 2006, uncovered some of the blocks, making a terrace. Six years later, this terrace has been destroyed, probably because of erosion. There are also bigger blocks, for instance at section 20, where it has not eroded that much, because the blocks are much bigger. In my personal opinion, the clay is supposed to be there, between the blocks, otherwise the pyramid may get totally eroded. To remove the soil is fine, in my opinion, but removing the clay, may destroy the structure, because it may get eroded after some time.

The terrace on the bottom of the Bosnian Moon Pyramid after excavations.
doubly inclined terrace on the Pyramid of the Moon .jpg
The terrace is now destroyed because of erosion.
Trench 20, with bigger blocks.

There are different arguments around how the pyramid of the Moon was built. The two most used arguments are: 1) The pyramid was built from ground up and 2) the pyramid was previously a hill, but shaped to be a structure. I believe that both arguments are plausible. The builders of the Moon pyramid, were using natural materials to build the structure, for instance clay. Some years ago, a property owner started to dig on the top of the Moon pyramid. The reason why is that he wanted to build a well. But later, when Dr. Osmanagich announced the pyramids in Visoko, he understood that he was digging out blocks from the pyramid. This section is clearly showing that the pyramid of the Moon was perhaps built from the ground up, by clay and sandstone blocks, which are easy to make, especially in Bosnia and Herzegovina, where you have a lot of clay. However, the Moon pyramid is a bit ‘’bent’’ on some places, which means that there is a lot of tectonic activity in the area, that is pushing the blocks and clay upwards, making ‘’bent blocks’’ on, for instance, the top of the pyramid. This could mean that the Moon pyramid does not have a man-made foundation on the bottom, so that the natural ‘’foundation’’ is pushing the blocks and clay-layers upwards. The clay-layers are luckily protecting the blocks, so that it does not collapse.

The ”well” is telling us that the Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon, could have been built.
Blocks at the ”well” section.
”Bent” blocks on the top of the Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon.
One of the ”bent” blocks.

If we study the LIDAR Scans, which were published in 2016, we may see that some parts of the Moon pyramid are destroyed, especially the south-western side of the pyramid. It seems like it has collapsed for some reason. The two main reason are: 1) Tectonic activity or 2) destroyed or taken blocks by the locals over the historic periods. According the archaeological report of the Bosnian pyramids from 2012, there has been found many artefacts from the several historic periods, for instance pottery and iron-horse shoes (Source). The pottery is from the Butmir culture, one of the oldest cultures in Bosnia and Herzegovina. This culture existed in Neolithic times. Therefore, we may conclude that there has been a lot of activity in the area, that could have used the blocks of the Moon pyramid for, for instance, their houses. Like I wrote in my previous articles, many of the blocks from the Moon pyramid has been taken by private property owners of the sites of the structure, to sell it to tourists. This is of course destroying the pyramid in a bad way – and we are losing artefacts forever. What the structure needs is 1) protection by the state and 2) full excavations and research by archaeologists, geologists, anthropologists and historians. Only then we may protect the pyramid, and know more about it. It is also important to point out that the Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon is matching the cardinal points (Source).

Bosnian Moon Pyramid, marked with a circle, LIDAR SCAN.
Pottery found on the Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon.
Pottery found on the Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon.

As all of the pyramids in Visoko, the Bosnian Moon pyramid has some kind of energies. Recent research by Dr. Konstantin Korotkov proves this (Source). According to his research, the Moon pyramid is good for our health. There are different energies on the bottom of the pyramid and on the top. Another researcher, Heikki Savolainen, also proves that there are energies on the Moon pyramid (Source). He made a presentation at the International Scientific Conference in 2011, and one may watch his presentation here: Source.

Dr. Korotkov and Dr. Osmanagich at the top of the Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon – the ”well” location.

Trench number 20, is one of the most interesting trenches that has been excavated on the Bosnian Moon pyramid. The trench was firstly excavated in 2006. Further excavations continued in 2010 and 2011. The trench is important, because it is showing us how the pyramid could have been built. First you have a block, then clay, then a block again, then clay etc. Many of the blocks are triangular, and shaped 90 degrees. Some of the blocks are not, and the reason could be because of structural stability. It is better when blocks support each other in a ‘’circular’’ way, than in ‘’square.’’. It seems like a puzzle, so that the blocks are more ‘’fit’’ in the case of an earthquake.

Nevertheless, like I wrote before, the clay is important when it comes to the Moon pyramid, and it perhaps should not be removed. This is because it is stabilizing the structure. One of the geology students from 2010, suggested the same thing. Here he/she points out that the sandstone blocks are eroding quickly when exposed. (Source). Therefore, we may say that some of the blocks on the Moon pyramid, were perhaps never meant to be exposed, by removing the clay, because it gets eroded quickly. Trench number 8, may also prove that the blocks of the Moon pyramid, were made on the site, poured like an asphalt, and on other places the blocks were made, and placed later. For instance, on trench number 20, the blocks were made, then placed. On tench 8, some of the blocks were poured. Or the blocks on the trench number 8, has been eroded, and there are missing blocks. It still needs a lot of research.

Trench number 20.
Trench number 20.
Trench number 20.
Trench number 20.
Trench number 20.
Trench number 20.
Trench number 8.
Trench number 8.

Another location I want to focus on, is one trenches on the top of the pyramid. Here we may find smaller sandstone blocks, placed on clay layers. If we study the trench, we may see that the blocks on the left are perhaps from the culture that built the Moon pyramid, while the blocks on the right, and were added later by a different culture. Also the blocks on the right are destroyed or were taken out in the past by some culture, for some unexplained reason. This is normal, and archaeologists often discover destroyed historical sites, and need to reconstruct it later. We need to remember that the structure is over 10 000 years old – a lot could have happened these years. Nevertheless, the trench may prove the existence of the Bosnian Moon pyramid.

One of the most interesting trenches on the top of the Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon.
Another photo of the trench.
Another photo of the blocks.

In addition, it is interesting to point out that there are similarities between the pyramids in Teotihuacan and Moon pyramid. If we study the Pyramid of Sun in Teotihuacan, we may see that it has the same shape as the Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon before excavations. It looks rather like a mound, than a pyramid, but after, it is one of the most fascinating structures on the planet. We may wonder what the Bosnian Pyramid of Moon will look like after excavations and reconstructions. Time will tell.

aun teo.jpg
Pyramid of the Sun, Teotihuacan, before excavations.
Pyramid of the Sun, Teotihuacan, after excavations and reconstruction.
Pyramid of the Moon, Bosnia and Herzegovina, with vegetation. Photo by Monia Lippi.

This article is not as long as the other articles, but at least I hope that one may get an idea regarding the Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon. I have showed some of the most important trenches, and given my own reflections on the structure, based on my own and others research. The idea of this article was to give a source, so that others may use it in their own articles, if they want to make one. Hopefully, the article may make discussions, because it is important in research. Like always, more research and excavations are needed, in order to understand the Bosnian Pyramid of the Moon.

* * *

Djani Behram is a researcher of ancient places around the world, mostly in Bosnia and Herzegovina. He is also the ambassador of the Archaeological Park: Bosnian Pyramid of the Sun Foundation and has volunteered at the Bosnian pyramids for six years now. He also has good experiences with the Bosnian pyramids and archaeological sites in the region. In addition, he owns one of the biggest sites about the Bosnian pyramids, which is posting news and photographs almost every day.

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